Basic Facts about Foundation

The foundation or the base of a structure is an important architectural structure that bears the weight of the house or building. There are two basic categories of foundation, the deep foundation and the shallow foundation. When constructing a house, hiring St. Louis  foundation repairs contractors is important because they know about the foundation engineering. This process is the application of the rock mechanics and soil mechanics in the design of the structural foundation elements.  

Classic Foundations 

Before the pier and beam foundation and slab concrete foundation made its way to the foundation engineering, historically buildings and other structures have different type of foundation before. Way before concrete is used, people built foundation with wood. One of the example is the post-in-ground which technically, the structure doesn’t have any foundation. The wood like timber pilings is made contact with the ground, even below the masonry walls.  

One of the simplest foundations before is the pad stone. You can see these kinds of foundations on houses which are really old, most likely on the tropical areas. A single stone is set on the ground then the timber is put above it. Basically, that stone bears the weight of the entire structure.  

Stone foundations are also a thing before. After the construction, the stones are painted with mortar. Another type is the rubble trench foundation which is filled with stones or rubble. They extend below the frost line and have the capacity to carry more than 10 tones.  

Modern Foundations 

Nowadays, you can rarely see those traditional types of foundation in homes. Most of the structure with those foundations is already not occupied or damaged. The modern construction offers you the newest type of foundation which is the shallow foundations and deep foundations.  

The shallow foundations are embedded in the soil. The most common type is called the spread footing which consists of pads of strips of concrete. The weight of the structure is transferred from the columns and walls to the bedrock or soil. Another common type we can see on most houses is the slab-on-grade foundation. The concrete slab is placed at the surface, and then the weight is transferred to the soil. The materials can be post-tensioned slabs or reinforced slabs.  

Another category of foundation is the deep foundation. The weight of the structure is transferred to the subsoil’s stronger layer from the upper weak layer. The footings of this type of foundation are helical piles, drilled shafts, driven piles, each stabilized columns, geo-piers and many more.  

Another type of modern foundation is the monopole foundation. It uses a large-diameter and single element that carries the entire load of the structure. This element is embedded into the Earth. This type of foundation can be found on offshore wind farms, especially that the embedded element can also withstand strong winds aside from the weight of the structure.  

The foundation is designed depending on the location of the structure, the condition of the soil, the type of structure, the climate condition, and the slope. So it’s important to always consult with a professional to successfully design one.  

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Things to Consider When Moving In

A new house is a possibility for a fresh beginning. The way you set up your new house will have a huge influence on how well-kept it would be in the years to come.  


To help you, here are several things that you can consider that can help save time and avoid mistakes.  

Move-in Cleaning 

Cleaning is much simpler to do before move-in day, just like any home maintenance. It will be a lot more difficult to clean out places that are obscured by the items once all of your items are in place. If you have done a bit of home maintenance inside the house, you might have to clean some debris before you completely move in. You have to ensure you clean out any hardwood floors, windows, and filters in your new house. If you don’t have the time cleaning your new house, you can always rely on a professional Pittsburgh move-in cleaning service.  

Unpack Kid’s Stuff First 

Typically, children are the most uneasy about settling to a new environment. If you unpack their belongings first, you can easily help them settle. Typically, this will enable them to adjust to your new house. It can be hard for your kids, especially during the first several days. It can be extremely reassuring for them if they have some familiarity in their new environment.  

Move-in Day One Box 

Not all individuals will unpack all of their moving items the day they move-in to their new house. It is common that individuals will leave several boxes closed for weeks. However, several items will be required immediately. That is why it is best if you pack these items together. Several items that you can include are hygiene products, toilet paper, or medications. It will all comes down to whatever you will require the day you move-in. 

Planning and Layout 

The days before you move-in are the best time to plan the layout of your home. Planning the organization and layout of your house is both vital and much more enjoyable compared to the pre-moving tasks such as packing and cleaning. Always remember that measurements of passageways and rooms might be required when planning. This will help you create a reasonable floor plan. 

Do Any Maintenance 

You should take this chance to work on anything in your house that will have debris and make a mess. These tasks will be more difficult to do after you move in. Some of the tasks you can do are to install new appliances, rewire electric setups, painting, and much more.  

Changing the Locks 

Most moving professionals suggest that you change the locks on your new house after moving in. It is better safe than sorry. You can contact a professional local locksmith since most of them offer this type of service. They can do it quickly and for an affordable price. When you get your locks replaced, you have to ensure that you also ask for duplicates of the new keys. This will enable you to give spare keys to everyone living in your house.  

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